Gem Stones and their Properties

Agate


Agate is the birthstone of Taurus (Bull): April 20 - May 20.
Agate is the anniversary gemstone for the 12th year of marriage.
Moss Agate is the anniversary gemstone for the 14th year of marriage.
Agate guards against danger. Wearers become temperate, continent and cautious. It helps one view themselves with more clarity and see the world through a broader viewpoint. Wearing Agate is believed to cure insomnia and to insure pleasant dreams.

Amber 


Writers find amber a good source of inspiration for their varied works. Jewelers and gemologists find this mineral a valuable piece of stone for its unique characteristics and beauty. Amber has been used and incorporated into bracelets, necklaces, earrings, pendants, brooches, cuff-links, and rings.
Some believe that amber has magical powers especially the green and red varieties. It can also be used as an amulet or charm, which could repel evils. Some claim it can even provide protection against poisons.
Amber jewelry is said to help one be happier. The cheery yellow stone is believed to lighten the burdens of life. Healers say that amber activates our altruistic nature and helps us to realize the full power of our spiritual intellect.

Amethyst  


Amethyst is colorless in its purest form . The finest quality Amethyst is medium to medium dark in tone, vivid in intensity, and purple, reddish purple to bluish purple in hue.
Heating removes the color from amethyst or changes it to the yellow of citrine. Most commercial citrine is made in this manner.
Amethyst is the birthstone of Aquarius (Water Bearer): Jan. 20 – Feb. 18 and the anniversary gemstone for the 4th and 6th year of marriage.

The color purple  has long been considered a royal color, so it is not surprising that amethyst has been so popular through history. Fine amethysts are featured in the British Crown Jewels and were also a favorite of Catherine the Great and Egyptian royalty.
It is a deep, passionate color that evokes emotions. People who desire purple colors are individuals who like to make a personal statement, and express their unique taste.
Designers celebrate Amethyst as the ideal choice for jewelry due to its regal color, variety in size and shape, affordability, and wide tonal range from light to dark purple. The pale colors are sometimes called “Rose de France” and can be seen set in Victorian jewelry. The deep colors are the most valuable, particularly a rich purple with rose flashes.
It is given as a symbol of sincerity, security, and peace of mind.
Amethyst magnifies psychic abilities and right-brain activity. It strengthens immunity, while energizing and purifying the blood. Amethyst relieves headaches, improves blood sugar imbalance.

The gemstone symbolizes sobriety.
Amethyst was thought to encourage celibacy. Because of that, amethyst was very important in the ornamentation of churches in the middle Ages. Bishops still often wear amethyst rings.
Amethyst is considered to be sacred to Buddha.
Amethyst is given as a symbol of sincerity, security, and peace of mind.

Aquamarine


The word Aquamarine is derived from the Latin words “aqua marina” which means “sea water” reflecting the color of the crystals. A transparent, pale green variety of beryl is often used as a gemstone.
This is the stone to help you be in touch with your spiritual being. This stone is used in deep meditations. Aquamarine also protects against the wiles of the devil. A dream of aquamarine means that you will meet new friends. Aquamarine is associated with the thymus gland. It is very soothing worn as a necklace. It will help reduce fluid retention. It has been used to calm the nerves.

Carnelian


It belongs to the chalcedony gem family, and could be opaque to translucent.
In the list of birthstones, it belongs to the month of August. The stone is mentioned in the ancient astrology of  the Hebrews, Arabs, and  Italians. It was believed that the stone brings good luck, good fortune and is connected to religious resources.
The gem is popularly used in Indian and vintage jewelry, as it matches well with other gems and metals. It is said that it helps in healing mental and physical tensions and it is used in alternative medicine.
The stone is said to have holistic properties, like an ability to change an individual’s outlook in life. It also assists in healing the wounds and cleansing of blood. It is also said to hold power afterlife.
Carnelian is used for targeting your body’s system: it motivates your circulatory system, kidneys, hunger, emotions, and sexuality. It grants confidence, assertiveness, and an unstoppable drive to succeed.

Chrysoprase


Chrysoprase encourages hope and joy. It comes from the chalcedony family and it has a mint green hue. It is used in meditation because it is said to facilitate it and help you relax. It helps break negative cycles and encourages positivity. It aids with anxiety and increasing self esteem.

Coral


Coral is mined from the oceans. It grows underwater. It is very popular in jewelry. Though coral rings are popular, be aware that coral scratches easily. Red coral jewelry is often dyed; white coral jewelry is usually bleached.
Colors of coral range from white to red and sometimes pink and white. The most valuable corals are red, black and pink. Most coral is quite soft and, therefore, needs to be handled carefully. Red coral can be found in the Mediterranean and in the Atlantic Ocean coastal regions of Portugal and Northern Africa. Other types of coral can be found all over the world, including the Great Barrier Reef off the east coast of Australia. Red coral is one of the coral species that is not on the endangered list of plant and animal life. Most coral is on the endangered list.
Coral jewelry has a long history, and is still made and worn in many parts of the world. Ancient civilizations used coral to make an ornament and then, very often, used gold to accent the piece. 
The gem was also supposed to drive hatred out of a home.

Emeralds


Emeralds occur in a variety of green colors. The magnificent green color that gives extraordinary value to this gem is due to small amounts of chromium and vanadium.
Emerald is the birthstone of Taurus, April 20 – May 20, and the anniversary gemstone for the 20th, 35th and 55th year of marriage.
The emerald is extensively used for physical and emotional healing. It  has soft, green color, which is said to have amazing healing powers for eyes, and eye problems.
If worn about the neck or finger, emerald prevents convulsions in children. Emeralds are also an antidote for poisons and poisonous wounds. It aids with ailments of the spine. Emeralds help fighting all mental illness and neurological disorders.
Emeralds are said to drive away evil spirits, and to preserve the chastity of the wearer. The stone brings wisdom and to empower the owner with foresight into the future. It brings good fortune.
Ancient belief says that the emerald gives faith, success in love, and discovery of false friends. 

Garnet



Garnet comes in a  rainbow of colors, including pink, red, purple, orange, yellow, violet, green, colorless, occasionally black, brown and many shades of red and green. The most common color of garnets is reddish brown. The ancient Greeks called it Garnets because the color reminded them of the pomegranate seed.
The garnet is  the birthstone for Capricorn, Dec. 22 – Jan. 19.
Garnet is believed to help with blood deficiency diseases. It stimulates bloodstream and pituitary gland, relieves rheumatism and arthritis pain. It combats depression and lethargy.  Garnet protects against depression and impure thoughts. It cures fever and promotes good health.
Garnets should be carried close to the body. Its energy is balancing and peaceful. This stone of passion stimulates sexual drive. Garnet gives energy and courage. Garnet symbolizes fire, faith, courage, truth, grace, compassion, constancy and fidelity. It also offers protection to the traveler.

Hematite


Hematite occurs in opaque red or red-brown. Its name comes from the Greek word haem which means blood.
Ancient Egyptians used hematite as ornamental objects placed inside their tombs. Nowadays, hematite may also be used as a polishing powder and as a paint pigment.
Said to be a good healing and grounding stone, it strengthens the body and improves resistance to life’s stresses. Hematite inspires inner life and helps to keep inward peace.

Jade


Jade is the Mystical  stone for the month of March.  Jade may be given as a gem on the 12th, 30th and 35th wedding anniversary. The most valuable form of jade is known as imperial jade, an emerald green color. Jades also appear in colors of yellow, pink, purple, and black.
Jade is believed  to protect the kidneys, liver, spleen, heart, larynx, thymus, and thyroid. Ancient people thought that wearing jade would increase body strength and add longevity. Jade is an ancient symbol of love and virtue.

Jasper



Jasper brings joy into life. It also helps to ground you. Since there are so many to choose from, pick the one that you are attracted to right away.
Leopard skin Jasper is said to bring one what they need. 
Jasper will bring unity and help with your energy.
This stone will help with protection.

Lapis Lazuli


Lapis Lazuli is the traditional birthstone for December. Lapis may be given as a gem on the 7th and 9th wedding anniversary.
It is said that Lapis strengthens total awareness, creativity, and helps to expand viewpoint. It is believed to improve sleep and cure insomnia. The Romans used lapis as an aphrodisiac.
Lapis was treasured by the ancient Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations, and was often worn by royalty (blue being the color of royalty in many ancient cultures), and the funerary mask of the young Egyptian king Tutankhamen was heavily decorated with inlayed Lapis Lazuli. Powdered lapis was also used as a pigment in paint, cosmetic eye shadow, and in medicines. Lapis was also a popular gemstone with the ancient Chinese, Greeks, and Romans.
The ground powder was mixed with milk and used as a compress to relieve ulcers and boils and, during the Middle Ages, lapis lazuli was believed to maintain the skeleton in healthy condition while keeping the spirit free from the negative emotions of fear and jealousy.

Malachite


The name “malachite” is derived from the Greek word molochitis, meaning “mallow-green stone.” Malachite is a form of copper ore. The colors in the individual bands range from a very light green to deep forest green, with occasional irregular black banding.
Its powers include:  protection, power, peace, love, and success in business.   It is worn to detect impending danger, and is assumed to break into pieces when danger is near. It is the guardian stone of travelers. Promotes inner peace and hope, provides protection and security.

Obsidian 


Though obsidian is typically jet-black in color, the presence of hematite produces red and brown varieties. It gives insight to those who wear it.
Looking through an iolite lens, they could determine the exact position of the sun, and navigate safely.

Onyx 


Onyx  is the birthstone of Leo (Lion): July 23 - Aug 22.
Onyx is the anniversary gemstone for the 7th year of marriage. 
This gemstone eliminates negative thinking, it is also believed to sharpen the wits of the wearer. Onyx is said to bring spiritual inspiration. It is a great assistance in holding emotions and passions under control. 
Black Onyx is used to help one change habits.

Opals


Opal colors range from yellows and reds that come from iron oxides to black from manganese oxides and organic carbon.
The milkiness of many white and gray opals comes from tiny gas-filled cavities in them. Precious opal reflects light with a play of brilliant colors across the visible spectrum, red being the most valued.  Opals are translucent to transparent and are distinguished by a combination of milky to pearly opalescence and an attractive play of many colors. These colors flash and change as a stone is viewed from different directions.
The name opal comes  from the Latin word opalus, meaning "seeing jewel".  
It is the birthstone for Libra (Balance): Sept. 23 – Oct. 23. and  the anniversary gemstone for the 14th and 18th years of marriage.
It comes in many varieties: Black opal, with a very dark gray or blue to black body color, is particularly rare and highly prized.
White opal has light body colors. Fire opal is characterized by yellow, orange, or red body color. White and Fire opals are much more common.
Some of opals attributed healing abilities are: cure for diseases of the eye, blood disorders; depression; apathy; lethargy; bone marrow; depression, especially of sexual origin; It is said to balance left and right brain hemispheres for neuro disorders. 
Mystically, Black opal is regarded as an extremely lucky stone. In ancient times opal was accepted as a symbol of faithfulness and confidence. It is said to increase mental capacities such as creative imagination. Black opals worn near the heart on necklaces made of gold are said to protect one from the evil eye.

Pearl 


Pearl is said to help one see themselves and help improve self-worth. As an emblem of modesty, chastity and purity, the pearl symbolizes love, success, and happiness.
Pearls are calming and help to center the wearer.
They also represent purity.

Tiger’s Eye


Tiger eye is quartz that contains oriented fibres of crocidolite that have been replaced by silica.
Tiger eye has a vertical luminescent band like that of a cat’s eye. Tiger eye has lustrous alternating yellow or brown bands. It is the anniversary gemstone for the 9th year of marriage.
Tiger eye is said to relieve high blood pressure. They say that wearing Tiger’s eye is helpful with the following diseases: bronchial asthma, kidney, rheumatic heart disease, and psoriasis.
Tiger Eye is used for focusing the mind. It is said that Tiger Eye offers protection during travel, strengthens convictions and confidence. 
 

Tourmaline


Tourmaline along with opal are birthstones of Libra (Balance): Sept. 23- Oct. 23.
Multicolored Tourmaline is the anniversary gemstone for the 8th year of marriage. Tourmaline is said to dispel fear, negativity and grief.
According to legend, the tourmaline of all colors protects the wearer against many dangers and misfortune. It brings  tranquility and serenity into your life.

Turquoise 


 
The color of turquoise ranges from sky blue through various shades of green to greenish and yellowish gray. Turquoise is an opaque stone. It is made up of hydrated copper and aluminum phosphate.
Turquoise is the birthstone of Sagittarius (Archer): Nov. 22-Dec. 21. and the anniversary gemstone for the 5th year of marriage.
Turquoise is said to be a guard against all diseases. It assists in tissue regeneration, subtle body alignment & strengthening.
Turquoise has been thought to warn the wearer of danger or illness by changing color. Turquoise is also believed to bring happiness and good fortune to all. It’s said that turquoise attracts healing spirits, making it a premier healing stone.
Believed to be a protective stone, turquoise is worn to guard against violence and accidents.


*****Some of the picture of the gemstones come from varied websites. I do not own them.*****

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